Cape Sounion and the East Coast


The beach resorts of the Athens Riviera are easily reached from the city, and slightly further afield are places like Cape Sounion with the Temple of Poseidon, ancient Marathon, and the port of Rafina.

View from Rafina in Attica towards the island of Evia in GreeceView from Rafina towards Evia

Athens is blessed with beaches on its doorstep and beautiful islands just a short ferry ride from the port of Piraeus. Visitors should do what the Greeks so and head for the beach playgrounds of the Athens Riviera in the city's suburbs as summer temperatures soar. You'll be in good company as everybody wants to cool off, and it reveals a very different side of a city better-known for its ancient sites.

The Athens Riviera

For a day out from the city you need to head south and east. The first major resort, less than 30 minutes from central Athens, is Glyfada, which merges into Voula to the south. While neither could be described as a peaceful beach resort, if you're travelling with children and they want a break from the city, this strip of the Apollo Coast, also known as the Athens Riviera, will provide them with sea, sand, and entertainment. Parents can enjoy a seafood lunch at a waterside restaurant.

As you head south along the coast and further from Athens, the resorts are quieter and more spread out. Whether you travel along here by bus or rental car, there's no mistaking the magnificent spectacle of the temple that stands proud on the 200-foot (60-metre) headland of Akra Sounion (Cape Sounion).

Temple of Poseidon on Cape SounionTemple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion

Temple of Poseidon

The Temple of Poseidon on the headland was built in 444BC out of local grey marble. Of the temple's original 34 columns, 15 are still standing to their full height, one of them bearing the initials of the British Romantic poet Lord Byron. Byron visited the site in 1810 and carved his initials on the column nearest the entrance. Unfortunately you won't be able to get close enough to see as the remains of the temple are now roped off to prevent further damage by the thousands of people who come here every year. Imagine if they all wanted to carve their initials!

The temple stands on the remains of an even older building, though to have dated from 490BC. The present temple is dedicated to the God of the Sea, Poseidon, and there could be no more fitting setting for it than this cape overlooking the Aegean Sea. The temple may have been designed by the same unknown architect responsible for the elegant Temple of Hephaistos in the Roman Agora in Athens.

Temple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion in Attica, GreeceTemple of Poseidon on Cape Sounion

Cape Sounion

Cape Sounion is famous for its impressive sunsets, which often give breathtaking vivid blood-red and fiery orange skies. There's a perfectly-located café-restaurant here, so you can enjoy the sunset in comfort and have a nice meal or a drink here. Below the promontory is a beach with accommodations, if you choose to stay overnight.

You can get the bus here from central Athens. They run about once an hour and take about 90 minutes, so if you have several days in Athens, you could plan to spend a romantic evening out at Cape Sounion, and get the bus back the next day, as the best chance to avoid the crowds is to visit the temple when it opens in the morning.

The largest island near the cape is Kea, one of the smaller Cycladic islands and the closest of the group to Athens. From here if you look west towards the setting sun you should also be able to make out the island of Aegina in the Saronic Gulf Islands. What you see beyond Aegina, if it's clear, is the east coast of the Peloponnese.


Heading north from Cape Sounion up the east coast of Attica brings you to Lavrion. This small town may not look anything special today but it was famous in antiquity for its silver mines. These huge mines provided silver to make coins and helped to finance the building of Periclean Athens, the Golden Age of Athens. They also provided the wealth that paid for the Powerful Athenian navy which defeated the Persians and established Greece as one of the great maritime nations. The mines closed in the 19th century and a mineralogical museum in Lavrion tells the story.

The Mineralogical Museum of Lavrion

Porto Rafti

Further up the east coast is the more attractive - and today more prosperous - resort of Porto Rafti. Its lively fishing harbour, good restaurants and bars make it a popular weekend retreat for Athenians. Its harbor is one of the finest in Greece and just off the coast is the island that gives the port its name: Rafti. 

There's a huge marble statue of a seated woman here, made in Roman times and used over the years as a safety beacon for ships. It's known as 'The Tailor' (raftis in Greek) because it is thought that the statue's hands (one arm is now missing) once held a pair of scissors. It's also possible that the missing arm once held either bunches of fruit or sheaves of wheat, as a symbol of fertility. It was from Lavrion that the first fruits of the year from the Greek mainland were sent to the sacred island of Delos.


If you head inland you come to the enjoyable market town of Markopoulon, which you can read more about on our Drive around Attica page. A few miles west of here is Koropi, which is noted for its extensive wine production. In particular it's famous for its production of retsina, the unique white wine of Greece that is flavoured with pine resin and which you either love or hate. See our separate page about retsina to learn more. On the southeast outskirts of Koropi is the church of the Metamorphosis Sotiras, which dates back to the 10th century and is therefore one of the oldest churches in Attica. 



The port of Rafina, on the eastern coast of Attica, has increased in size and importance since the new airport was built east of the city, about a 30-minute drive from Rafina. It makes it much easier for foreign visitors to get to Rafina, which has ferries to the Cyclades, Dodecanese and other islands, than to go across the city to Piraeus

The heart of Rafina is its old fishing harbour, which remains wonderfully picturesque and has been enhanced by the addition of many fine seafood restaurants, most with rooftop terraces overlooking the boats bobbing in the water below. Here you'll find Athenians relaxing and escaping the city's pace, especially on weekends, and demanding the best fresh fish, whether they plan to catch a ferry out to the islands or return to the city. Near the old harbour is also where you'll find the main ferry departure point. 

The Harbours at Rafina in Attica, GreeceThe Harbours at Rafina

Away from the town centre, coastal developments serve as a reminder that Rafina is a popular resort in its own right, and not just a port and gateway to the islands. There's no shortage of pleasant, affordable hotels, places to swim, and watersport opportunities. Several small beaches lie either side of Rafina, and the coast is dotted with vacation villas for Athenian residents. Beyond beaches, little remains from the old settlements that have always existed here.

Inland from the harbour and slightly uphill is the large main square, where you can escape the bustle of the harbour and feel like you're in any Greek town, with children playing while grandmothers watch them. 



To the north of Rafina is another resort, Mati, slightly quieter and without the busy ferries and cars and crowds getting on and off them. From the slopes behind Mati a fabulous view takes in the Bay of Marathon. Nearby is a good bathing beach, Agios Andreas. If you're taking a ferry to or from Rafina, where hotels can get booked up well ahead, it's worth thinking about staying at Mati and taking a taxi for the 10-minute drive.

You might like these Athens pages...

  • A Drive around Attica

    This drive around Attica offers visitors high hills, beach resorts, small villages and classical sites like Marathon and the Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion.

  • Artistic Athens

    This extract of Artistic Athens in the Lonely Planet book Culture Trails takes visitors on a journey through the artistic side of Athens..

  • Athens Culinary Tours

    Athens culinary tours are among the food walking tours offered by an unusual company, Culinary Backstreets.

  • Piraeus

    Piraeus is the port of Athens from where many ferries to the Greek islands depart, and it also has an Archaeological Museum and the Hellenic Maritime Museum.

  • Athens International Airport

    Athens International Airport is east of Athens city centre with its own Metro train station, buses to Athens and Piraeus, taxis and car rental offices.

  • The Best Things to Do in Athens

    The best things to do in Athens, Greece, include top archaeological sites like the Acropolis and must-see attractions such as the National Archaeological Museum

  • Ten Fun Things to Do in Athens

    Ten Fun Things to Do in Athens include eating in the Central Market, watching the sun set over the Acropolis and seeing one of the world's oldest theatres.

  • Monastiraki Flea Market

    Greece Travel Secrets visits the Monastiraki Flea Market, followed by Sunday lunch at Sigalas on Monastiraki Square

  • Monastiraki and Around

    Around Monastiraki is the flea market, Athens cathedral, Kerameikos Cemetery, the Benaki Museum of Islamic Art and the Psirri and Gazi nightlife districts.

  • Where to Eat in Athens and Piraeus

    If you're wondering where to eat in Athens and Piraeus we have a few suggestions including some favorites around the Acropolis, Omonia Square, and Syntagma.

  • Marathon

    The ancient site of Marathon and the site of the Battle of Marathon are in Attica and naturally about 26 miles or 42 kilometres from the centre of Athens.

  • Athens Walking Tours and Other Experiences

    Athens walking tours and other experiences like cookery lessons, ceramics workshops, dining with a family, and street art are available from Alternative Athens

  • Athens in the Rain

    Athens in the rain isn’t something you’re likely to experience but here are suggestions for things to do in the rain in Athens including museums and shopping

  • Athens Food Tours

    Athens Food Tours are being introduced by new company The Greek Fork, and will include tours of the Central Market, and the best street food.

  • Athens Events and Public Holidays

    If visiting Athens it helps to know when major events and public holidays take place, as some shops and attractions may be closed, but to be there at times like Easter can make for a magical trip.

  • Athens Eaters Guide

    Athens, an Eater's Guide to the City, is published by Culinary Backstreets, who do walking food tours in Athens and the book recommends the best places to eat.

  • Athens Dining Guide

    This Athens dining guide doesn't list restaurants but gives practical advice on types of eating places, tipping, hotel breakfasts and picnics.

  • Athens Car Rental

    Athens car rental options include almost all of the major international car hire firms such as Avis, Budget, Hertz, and Europcar.

  • Athens Airport Car Rental

    Athens Airport car rentals include Alamo/National Car Rental, Avis, Budget, Europcar, Hertz and Sixt, all with offices at the airport.

  • Athens Acropolis

    The Athens Acropolis has the city's most iconic building, the Parthenon, along with other historic buildings and is where the Elgin Marbles were taken from.

  • Athens: Travel Information and Advice about Athens, Greece

    Athens is a top vacation destination. The Greece Travel Secrets Athensguide has information on hotels, museums, Athens airport and all the best things to do.

  • Pictures of Athens

    Pictures of Athens from the Greece Travel Secrets website

  • National Archaeological Museum

    The National Archaeological Museum is one of the best things to see in Athens, and the best museum in the world for seeing Greece's archaeological treasures.

  • My Athens: a Portrait by Travel Writer Mike Gerrard

    In My Athens on Greece Travel Secrets award-winning travel writer Mike Gerrard describes what he loves about Athens including the Acropolis, the National Archaeological Museum and eating!

  • Greek Architecture

    This beginner's guide to Greek architecture explains how to tell your Ionic from your Doric columns, and what to look for in temples and Byzantine churches.

Latest Posts

  1. Greece Extends Ban on Non-essential Domestic Air Travel

    The Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority (HCAA) on Sunday issued an aviation directive (NOTAM) that extends travel restrictions for domestic flights (travel between prefectures) in Greece by one week, un…

    Read More

  2. Covid-19: Greece Keeps Night Curfew in Place, Lifts Strict Lockdown Measures in Some Areas

    Although retail stores and shopping malls will reopen in Greece on January 18, the country’s night curfew from 9 pm to 5 am remains in force, Greek Civil Protection Deputy Minister Nikos Hardalias sai…

    Read More

  3. Greece to Reopen Retail Stores and Shopping Malls Under Rules

    Greece will begin to gradually ease lockdown restrictions taken to curb the spread of the coronavirus (Covid-19), Greek Minister of Development and Investment Adonis Georgiadis announced on Friday.

    Read More

  4. Increasing Covid-19 Risk in Central Athens Concerns Experts

    Greece’s Covid-19 committee is warning that announcements concerning schools or shops may be revoked at any time due to rising coronavirus incidents, particularly in the wider Athens area.

    Read More

  5. Tourism Minister: Covid-19 Vaccination Certificate Not Required for Greece Entry

    Greek Tourism Minister Harry Theoharis ruled out on Thursday the need for a Covid-19 vaccination certificate for travelers wishing to visit Greece this summer. Theoharis was referring to a proposal ma…

    Read More

  6. US to Require Negative Covid-19 Tests for International Travelers

    All international travelers to the United States will have to present a negative Covid-19 test result to be allowed admission into the country as of January 26, the US Centers for Disease Control and…

    Read More

  7. Life-size Replica of Athens’ Herodion Shines at China’s Harbin Ice Festival

    An impressive life-size replica of Athens’ Herod Atticus Odeon (also known as Herodion), made exclusively of ice, was recently presented at the 37th Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival in China…

    Read More

  8. Greece Covid-19 Restrictions: Tourism and Travel-related Information

    The Greek Tourism Ministry recently released information on key issues relating to tourism and travel in Greece, following the extension of the lockdown restrictions taken to curb the spread of the co…

    Read More

  9. The Acropolis Museum’s Entire Collection Goes Digital

    Given the public's increasing familiarity with digital cultural experiences, the Acropolis Museum’s newly launched virtual edition is a delightful development. Digital visitors will be surprised by th…

    Read More

  10. Old Tobacco Factory To Be Reborn As A New Art Space In Athens

    One of Athens’ architectural emblems – the old Public Tobacco Factory – is to be reborn in 2021 with a new cultural identity and well-timed artistic purpose.

    Read More