Nafplion

Peloponnese

Nafplion in the Peloponnese was the Greek capital before Athens and today is a charming waterfront town with good restaurants, museums, shopping, beaches, old fortresses and a delightful atmosphere.

The Bourtzi Fortress in NafplionThe Bourtzi Fortress

Nafplion (or Nafplio) is one of the most appealing towns in Greece, perhaps even in Europe. It has a lovely waterfront with beaches nearby, a fine headland with wonderful views, several fortresses, some interesting museums, an offshore island to admire, a sophisticated feel to the town with some chic hotels and so many good restaurants that, no matter how long you can manage to stay, you'll wish you were here for longer.

Much of its charm stems from the medieval architecture of its old town, dating from the second Venetian occupation (1686-1715), not to mention its looming castles and watery vistas. The narrow streets and pristine whitewashed houses of the old town are reminiscent of the Greek islands.

Nafplion is also a convenient base if you want to visit ancient sites including Mycenae and Epidavros, both within a 30-minute drive, and Tiryns, which is only five minutes away.

The Bourtzi Fortress in NafplionThe Bourtzi Fortress

Nafplion Sights and Attractions

Archaeological Museum

The small but fascinating Archaeological Museum of Nafplio occupies two floors of a splendid 18th century Venetian warehouse on the town's main square. It's worth visiting to see some of the Mycenae finds that haven't been sent to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens. There are also finds from Tiryns on display. It's on Platia Syntagmatos  (tel: 27520- 27502).

Bourtzi Fortress

The Bourtzi FortressThe Bourtzi Fortress

The Bourtzi Fortress is unmissable as it stands on an offshore island and is one of Nafplion's most distinctive features. It was built in the 15th century at the time of the Venetian occupation and it owes its importance to the deceptive waters here. They look deep but in fact there is only one navigable passage into Nafplion. The Bourtzi guards could block this passage by stringing chains from the island to the town.

Among the fortress's various functions over the years, it was the home of the town's executioner until 1930, and later a luxury hotel. These days it simply stands there, looking picturesque.

View over NafplionNafplion

Folklore Museum

The Peloponnesian Folk Foundation runs this very impressive specialist little museum, one of the best in the country in dealing with local crafts and culture. It has a large collection of traditional costumes, household and agricultural items, fascinating old photographs and an excellent handicrafts shop. The address is Ipsillantou 1 (tel: 27520-28379)

Its Kale Fortress

The name of this fortress is the Turkish for Inner Castle, and while it's slightly less dramatic than the Palamidi Fortress (see below), it's still worth a visit. This was the site of Nafplion's original acropolis, and several castles have stood here over the centuries. There are few remains to be seen, but it's a pleasant place for a short stroll. Another good walk leads around the headland on which the fortress stands.

Palamidi Fortress

Palamidi Fortress in NafplionThe View from the Palamidi Fortress

This massive 18th century Venetian citadel is so large there are several others ruined inside it. You can drive up to the entrance if you have a car, but otherwise it's a steep climb up almost 1000 steps to get there, which indicates how much the fortress dominates the town. There isn't that much to see when you get inside, other than the walls and the remains of three inner fortresses, but the views are really impressive. Tel: 27520-28036.

Read how CNN Travel chose Nafplion as one of Europe's most beautiful towns.

War Museum

The War Museum in Nafplion is a branch of the excellent War Museum in Athens, and was the first to open outside the capital. It's full of authentic weaponry and historical documents, and has a large collection of moving - and occasionally harrowing - photographs showing the impact of World War II on Greece.

There is also an interesting collection of artefacts relating to the War of Independence, with which Nafplion is closely linked. The town served as the capital of the newly-independent Greece from 1829-1834, when Athens became the capital.

Ioannis Kapodistrias in Nafplion

Ioannis Kapodistrias was born on Corfu in 1776, and became Greece's first president in 1829, based in Nafplio. In 1831 he was assassinated outside the church of Agios Spiridon, by two villainous chieftains from the Mani region in the southern Peloponnese. You can still see the bullet holes in the wall of the church. Three years later, in 1834, Athens became the new capital of modern Greece.

Nafplion SunsetNafplion Sunset

Shopping

For a small town, Nafplion has some very good shopping. Explore the back streets of the old town and you'll find potters, painters and jewelers making and selling their wares, some good bookshops and a more upmarket kind of souvenir shop. 

Nafplion at NightNafplion at Night

You might like these other Peloponnese pages...

  • Ancient Olympia

    Travel guide to Ancient Olympia in the Peloponnese of mainland Greece, home to the original Olympic Games.

  • The Mani

    The Mani in the south of the Peloponnese is the most southerly part of the Greek mainland and famous for its rugged landscape, feuds, and tower houses.

  • Bradt Guide to the Peloponnese

    The Bradt Guide to the Peloponnese is the best book on the Greek region which includes attractions like Mycenae, Epidavros, Olympia, Monemvasia and Nafplion.

  • Peloponnese: Travel Information about the Peloponnese in Greece

    The Peloponnese in Greece has such sights as Olympia, Mycenae, the Mani, Nafplion, Corinth and Epidavros.

  • Kalamata

    Kalamata in the Peloponnese is the area's second-biggest city and is world-famous for the quality of its olives and for the nearby site of Ancient Messene.

  • Patras

    Patras, or Patra, in the Peloponnese is Greece's third-largest city, home to Greece's largest Carnival, with many Roman and Greek remains, museums and churches.

  • Corinth

    Corinth has four aspects to it, which are the Corinth canal, the modern town of Corinth, nearby Ancient Corinth, and above that Akrokorinthos or Upper Corinth.

  • Mycenae

    Mycenae in the Greek Peloponnese was a royal palace and is famous for the royal tombs, Lion Gate, and was excavated by archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann.

  • The Nemean Games

    The Nemean Games, like the Olympic Games, take place every four years but, unlike the Olympics, anyone can apply to take part and run in the original stadium.

  • Mystra

    The ruined Byzantine city of Mystra sits on the top and the slopes of a hill that juts out from the plain and is one of the most remarkable places in Greece.

  • Monemvasia

    Monemvasia in the Peloponnese is the Greek Rock of Gibraltar and is a huge offshore rock which conceals a tiny town connected to the mainland by a single road.

  • Monemvasia Book Review

    Greece Travel Secrets reviews the photography book Monemvasia with extracts from works by Yiannis Ritsos and Nikos Kazantzakis.

  • Epidavros

    The ancient theatre at Epidavros is one of Greece's greatest attractions, ranking alongside the Acropolis and the Palace at Knossos in Crete, and it is easily the finest theatre in Greece.

Enjoy this page? Please pay it forward. Here's how...

Would you prefer to share this page with others by linking to it?

  1. Click on the HTML link code below.
  2. Copy and paste it, adding a note of your own, into your blog, a Web page, forums, a blog comment, your Facebook account, or anywhere that someone would find this page valuable.

Latest Posts

  1. Kos on its Way to Become a Greek Biking Destination

    The comparative advantages of Kos as an emerging biking destination were presented by Deputy Transport Minister Michalis Papadopoulos during an event held recently on the island by local authorities…

    Read More

  2. Covid-19: Greece Still in CDC’s ‘Very High’ Travel Risk Category

    The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is warning Americans to avoid travel to some 75 countries, including Greece, after adding on Monday, Germany and Denmark to its “Level Four: Very High” Covid-1…

    Read More

  3. Greek Mountain Destinations Aching for Bookings

    The second winter season in the pandemic finds hotels in Greece’s striking mountain villages in a fragile state.

    Read More

  4. What to Eat at Syntagma – Petraki Street

    Petraki Street, near Syntagma Square, has everything a foodie wants, whether you’re looking for a good wine bar, cocktail bar, bakery, pastry shop, or restaurant worth visiting again and again.

    Read More

  5. Bringing Ancient Olympia Back to Life

    A new digital revival project, "Ancient Olympia: Common Grounds," harnesses artificial intelligence to bring the ancient sanctuary back to life like never before.

    Read More

  6. Athens Tops Europe’s Meeting Destinations Ranking, Says AmEx Report

    Athens, Greece’s capital city, ranks first in the top 5 meeting destinations in Europe in the 2022 Global Meetings and Events Forecast, the 11th annual report produced by American Express Meetings & E…

    Read More

  7. Covid-19: Greece Bans the Unvaccinated from More Indoor Places

    Adults in Greece not vaccinated against the coronavirus (Covid-19) will be banned from entering more indoor spaces, including cinemas, theaters, museums and gyms as of Monday, November 22, according t…

    Read More

  8. South Aegean Islands Introduced to Luxury Wedding Planners

    The South Aegean islands were introduced to some of the world’s leading wedding planners during the 7th Destination Wedding Planners (DWP) Congress 2021, that took place on Rhodes earlier in November…

    Read More

  9. Greece Promotes Western Macedonia as Top Wine Tourism Destination

    Western Macedonia, its wineries and wines are spearheading a far-reaching tourism ministry campaign to establish Greece as a leading wine tourism destination, said Deputy Tourism Minister Sofia Zachar…

    Read More

  10. A foodie guide to Thessaloniki

    Welcome to our foodie guide to Thessaloniki, where you’ll get to know all about what and where to eat in one of the best culinary getaways in Greece.

    Read More