Pindus Mountains

Central Greece and Thessaly

The Pindus mountain range runs along the border between Epirus and Thessaly, includes two national parks and some of the highest mountain peaks in the country.

The Pindus Mountains in GreeceThe Pindus Mountains

The Pindus (or Pindos) Mountains is one of the mightiest mountain ranges in Greece, stretching from its northern borders west to the Ionian Sea, south to Metsovo, and east into Macedonia. The range runs along the border between Epirus and Thessaly, includes two national parks, the second-longest gorge in Greece, and some of the highest mountain peaks in the country.

Hiking in the Vikos Gorge in GreeceHiking in the Vikos Gorge

Pindus Mountains National Parks

The Vikos-Aoös National Park was created in 1973 and covers the area around the Vikos Gorge, the second-longest in Greece after the Samaria Gorge and one of the longest in Europe. The larger Pindus National Park was created in 1966, in part to protect the Balkan and black pine trees that have covered these mountain slopes for thousands of years. 

Here you also find Greece's remaining wolves and bears as well as deer, wild boar, wildcats, and chamois. There are dice snakes and nose-horned vipers, too, so watch out if walking in remote areas. When not watching the ground for snakes, scan the skies for the birds of prey that survive here, including the goshawk, Egyptian vulture, golden eagle, imperial eagle, and griffon vulture.

A GoshawkGoshawk

These are rugged and potentially treacherous mountains, so consider hiring a guide if you really want to explore. The peaks are generally covered in snow from October until May, and when the snows melt the waters come cascading down the rivers. Paths that are easy to follow in midsummer can easily become dangerous in the Pindus Mountains.

Bears and Wolves

In these mountains of northern Greece some magnificent wild creatures survive, despite the Greek fondness for hunting and the farmers who kill anything that might threaten their often meagre livelihood. The most splendid - and rarest - of these wild animals are the European brown bear (Ursus arctos) and the European grey wolf (Canis lupus).

Brown bear in GreeceBrown Bear

Sadly, you are unlikely to see either as they are considered at risk, but it is hoped that increased ecological awareness in Greece has come in time to save them. There are thought to be fewer than 200 bears and several hundred wolves, mostly concentrated in the three national parks of northern Greece: Pindus, Prespa, and Vikos-Aoös.

Mount Smolikas

The ultimate challenge for serious trekkers in the Pindus Mountains is Mount Smolikas, which is 8,459 feet (2,637 m) and is Greece's second-highest peak after Mount Olympus.  Reaching the summit will take several days, good preparation, and either your own camping gear or advance reservations for the mountain huts that provide shelter. Greece's footpath network is not well-marked everywhere, and in some places the only direction signs are blobs of paint on the side of rocks.

The northern sectors of the mountains are remote and will satisfy anyone looking for a more rugged mountain experience. The accommodation may be simpler than elsewhere but the hospitality more than compensates. 

In the Pindus Mountains of GreeceIn the Pindus Mountains

Konitsa

The small town of Konitsa, just a few miles from the Albanian border and an hour's drive north from Ioannina, is a popular centre for walkers. There are a handful of hotels and eating places here, and a chance to hire local guides for exploring this remote corner. Konitsa has a beautiful setting, overlooked by Mount Trapezitsa and in turn overlooking the Aoös River, a river-kayaking destination.

Konitsa was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1996, and some of its older buildings were sadly destroyed. The old bazaar area survived, however, as did the small Turkish quarter, and both add some spice to this lively but remote town.

The Vikos Gorge in GreeceThe Vikos Gorge

Mount Gamila

From Konitsa it's possible to walk south to climb Mount Gamila (8,134 ft/2,497 m). This requires a night's stay at the mountain hut at Astraka, and you can also take in a visit to the mountain lake of Drakolimni (Dragon's Lake). Alternatively, heading east takes you to Mount Smolikas via the mountain hut of Naneh, and another mountain lake, also called Drakolimni.

The road running northwest from Konitsa goes towards Albania and after a 30-minute drive reaches the village of Molivdoskepastos, which is right by the border. It provides wonderful views into Albania and back towards the Pindus peaks of Smolikas and Gamila. Venture here and you have truly reached one of the more remote corners of Greece.

See other pages on Central Greece and Thessaly...

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  • Parnassus Mountains

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  • Arachova

    Arachova is a mountain town in the Parnassus Mountains of Greece and a good base for visiting the ancient archaeological site of Delphi, a 15-minute drive away.

  • Northern Greece Guide

    The Bradt Guide to Northern Greece is a detailed guide to Thessaloniki, Halkidiki, Macedonia, Thrace, The Pelion, The Sporades and the rest of Northern Greece.

  • Volos and Pelion

    The city of Volos has several museums and is a major port, and also the gateway to the charming Pelion peninsula with its traditional villages and beaches.

  • Ossios Loukas

    Ossios Loukas is a Byzantine monastery that stands between Athens and Delphi and is the burial place of the Greek hermit, Blessed Luke.

  • Mount Olympus, the highest mountain in Greece

    Mount Olympus is the highest mountain in Greece and is in the Mount Olympus National Park in Macedonia, with Litochoro being the best base.

  • Meteora

    Visiting the monasteries of Meteora on the Plain of Thessaly, with hotels in Kalambaka and guided tours available.

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